The Jackal is NOT an Invasive Alien Species
The Golden jackal Canis aureus moreoticus is a COMMUNITY INTEREST SPECIES same like chamois Rupicapra rupicapra
Jackal in Danube Delta, Romania Photo: Carlo Galliani
The golden jackal (Canis aureus) is a Community Interest species ("Habitats Directive"92/43/EEC) listed in Annex Va together with pine marten (Martes martes), European polecat (Mustela putorius) and chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra). Monitoring of conservation status is an obligation arising from Article 11 of the Habitats Directive for all habitats (as listed in Annex I) and species (as listed in Annex II, IV and V) of Community interest.
Consequently, this provision is not restricted to Natura 2000 sites and data need to be collected both in and outside the Natura 2000 network to achieve a full appreciation of the conservation status.
The main results of this monitoring need to be reported to the Commission every six years according to Article 17 of the Directive. Article 14 places a requirement for further surveillance of exploited species of flora and fauna listed in Annex V where necessary. Only after monitoring and scientific reports to the Commission, management measures can be assessed. When management measures are applied in case of Community Interest species like the golden jackal or chamois a series of hunting methods should be avoided. These hunting methods which are prohibited are listed in the Annex VI of the "Habitats Directive" 92/43/EEC.
Based in this Original Article, the EU published a report
on their weekly Science for Environment Policy News Alert, Issue 443, 21 January 2016
in which explained the legal situation and the reasons to do not consider jackals an invasive alien species.
In June 2015, in Biodiversity and Conservation
Journal, in original paper Legal implications of range expansions in a terrestrial carnivore: the case of the golden jackal (Canis aureus) in Europe
), the authors Arie Trouwborst
, Miha Krofel
& John D. C. Linnell
addressed specific questions regarding the consideration of the golden jackal as classified an (invasive) alien species in countries where it did not formerly occur. They showed that current international legal obligations limit the freedom of countries to decide how they wish to deal with newly arriving golden jackals.
Later on, in July 2015, John D.C. Linnell synthesized and resumed these legal implications in a note of LCIE Large Carnivore Initiative for Europe.
The authors of Legal implications of range expansions in a terrestrial carnivore: the case of the golden jackal (Canis aureus) in Europe. Biodivers Conserv 24, 2593–2610 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-015-0948-y
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