Friday, July 26, 2019

Jackals in Finland, just 4 degrees below the Arctic Circle

Finland and "The Battle of the Jackal" - GOJAGE News

A message to GOJAGE community and to Finland Environmental Board

by Ovidiu C. Banea & Giorgos Giannatos

Reykjavik, 26th of July 2018

Letter from Dr Suvi Viranta addressed to GOJAGE members

26th of July 2018:

Dear GOJAGE members,

They have, or at least this one individual has, arrived to Finland. Below is a photo taken from a car in Eno, Karjala, Eastern Finland.

Best regards,

Thank You, Suvi!

Thank you for coming to The Battle of the Jackal in Marathon Bay, Attica, Greece during the 2IJS organized by Dr Giorgos Giannatos, last November 2018.
Thank you for your scientific work in the field of jackals! 

Ovi & Giorgos

THE NEWS (the picture) in Finland!


On 26th of July 2019 Dr Suvi Viranta-Kovanen announced GOJAGE members the first sighting of the golden jackal in Finland. She works at University of Helsinki as a Senior Lecturer in Anatomy at Faculty of Medicine and Adjunct Professor in Paleobiology at Faculty of Science.

In 2015, we thought that jackals arrived to Karup, Denmark via Finland and Sweden or directly crossing the frozen Baltic Sea. Who knows how they arrived to Denmark? It was Dr Miklós Heltai, (the future director of the 3rd International Jackal Symposium, to be held in Gödöllő, Hungary in 2022) who announced the great news of Jackals in Denmark in September 2015.

Suvi is GOJAGE Responsible and Representative in Finland since she was participating at the 2nd International Jackal Symposium in Greece in November 2018 when she was one of the speakers during "The Battle of the Jackal" with her work "Rediscovering the African Wolf" presented in Marathon Bay, Greece, Attica after 2508 years from "The Battle of Marathon". It was about jackals and African wolves during the "Taxonomy" Session of the 2nd International Jackal Symposium

Dr. Nikolai Spassov from NHM Sofia, Bulgaria supported the fact that a wolf-jackal (Canis "lupaster") appears to exist in North Africa from the late Pleistocene. He followed: "However, remains the question: is there a golden jackal (C. aureus or more specific African jackal C. anthus?) together with it in Africa? (Spassov, 2018).

Dr Patricia D Moehlman from Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (Tawiri) names this species African golden jackal (Moehlman et al, 2018) and convinced everybody that they are jackals.

Suvi & "The Battle of the Jackal" 

in Finland

"The Battle of the Jackal" moved now to Finland since Suvi works internationally with molecular sequencing to assess African wolf distribution in Africa, which remains uncertain due to confusion regarding possible co-occurrence with the Eurasian golden jackal. Canis lupaster differs from all other Canis spp. including the golden jackal in its cranial morphology, while phylogenetically it shows close affinity to the Holarctic grey wolf.

Golden Jackal in European Union, 

Legal framework applicable to Finland

Annex Va and VI from the EU Habitats Directive

From Hatlauf et al, 2016, GOJAGE E-Bulletin

The golden jackal (​Canis aureus) is a ​Community Interest species​ ("Habitats Directive"92/43/EEC) listed in Annex V a together with pine marten (​Martes martes​), European polecat (​Mustela putorius​) and chamois (​Rupicapra rupicapra​). Monitoring of conservation status is an obligation arising from Article 11 of the Habitats Directive for all habitats (as listed in Annex I) and ​species​ (as listed in ​Annex​ II, IV and ​V​) of Community interest.
Consequently, this provision is not restricted to Natura 2000 sites and data need to be collected both in and outside the Natura 2000 network to achieve a full appreciation of the conservation status.
The main results of this monitoring need to be reported to the Commission every six years according to Article 17 of the directive. Article 14 places a requirement for further surveillance of exploited species of flora and fauna listed in Annex V where necessary. Only after monitoring and scientific reports to the Commission, management measures can be assessed. When management measures are applied in case of ​Community Interest species ​like the golden jackal or chamois a series of hunting methods should be avoided. These hunting methods which are​prohibited are listed in the Annex VI of the "Habitats Directive" 92/43/EEC. 

In 2015, when Jackals were first sighted in Denmark

The Battle of  the Jackal in Finland

Suvi and GOJAGE know how to communicate with the Finish Scientific Community and the Finish people. We will be ready to inform that the jackals are omnivorous species with an opportunistic behavior and that they arrived using the natural pathways and that they did not harmed (yet) the protected biota in any natural reserve of this planet Earth and that they maintain decent numbers in other new settled areas without exponential grow. They are not Invasive Alien Species.

Jackals have to be monitored in Finland even better than in other countries and policies of management have to start only after the accurate monitoring of this species which remains fragile and have to fight differently for its survival in these boreal biogeographic regions. In Estonia the depredation and the interaction with other con-generics like Red fox is more aggressive as shown by Peep Männil, our Representative in Estonia in a video during the 2IJS in Greece. Together with Mrs Kaja Lotman and Mr Aleksei Lotman from Matsalu NP they could start in a correct way and understanding the complex management of the jackal species.

GOJAGE fully supports Dr Suvi Viranta-Kovanen to represent our informal community and to help for the conservation efforts of the golden jackal in Finland. We are ready to plan our first Bio Acoustic Monitoring survey in the region of Karjala, where the first jackal species sighting to Finland was recorded with the aim to assess the time and the size of this new European golden jackal species cluster, the northernmost in the world.

Prof. Emerit. Heikki Henttonen explaining jackal sighting and the first report of the jackal in Finland to the local media MTV Uutiset in Finnish.

Eno, Karjala, is a municipality with 6,891 inhabitants located in Eastern Finland at Latitude: 62° 48' 18.40" N and a Longitude: 30° 09' 15.19" E.
Canis aureus is now just 4° close to the Arctic Circle.

Welcome to Finland!
We hope soon you will arrive to Iceland.

Dear Suvi!

We hope to see you again in Hungary in 2022 for the 3IJS (3rd Jackal International Symposium) organized by Miklós, József, László and Jennifer.

Or sooner near Eno, Karjala during the first Finnish jackal B.A.M. survey!
You have our support and all that you need to help the jackal survive in such an environment!

It seems, that we need a boat...
Best regards,

Ovidiu C. Banea & Giorgos Giannatos
with our colleagues from
2IJS Organizing Committee

Thank you again for all your efforts top join the 2IJS! Good luck with the new friend!

Jackal Ecology Task Force (JET-F) supports you and Professor Emeritus Heikki Henttonen!

Giorgos Giannatos (Greece)
Wildlife Biology, PhD
Department of Biology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

Ovidiu Constantin Banea (Romania)
Ecology-Biology BSc, Essential and Applied Ecology MSc
NGO Crispus Sibiu, Ecology Department
Nordic Romania NGO, Iceland, Wildlife Ecology Department
GOJAGE Co-Founder

Tuesday, May 29, 2018

Second International Jackal Symposium Greece, LAST CALL FOR ABSTRACTS

The second international symposium on jackals and related species (2IJS) will be organized in Marathon Bay, Attica Province, Greece during 31st of Oct-2nd of Nov 2018. 
The last call of abstracts was extended until 18th of June 2018 due to the increasing interest and at the suggestions of Dr. Duško Ćirović, director of the previous First International Jackal Symposium (Veliko Gradište, Serbia 2014). At this time a number of 70 works are registered (56 abstracts and 14 lectures on jackals ecology). 
We invite you to this meeting in Greece in a wonderful place where for few days we will discuss, analyze and try to get closer to the mysterious world of the jackals. 

The symposium is sponsored by Attica Zoological Park, Vectronic-aerospace (wildlife monitoring), Lotek (fish and wildlife monitoring) and Golden Coast Hotels
Please contact us if you want to support this meeting and check the "featuring and sponsors" site to understand the benefits.

Girogos Giannatos, 2IJS Manager
Ovidiu C. Banea, 2IJS Communications management

On behalf of  2IJS Organization Board

Sunday, May 13, 2018


by Giorgos Giannatos & Ovidiu C. Banea

We invite you to the 

2nd International Symposium dedicated to jackals and related species
Marathon Bay, Greece 31st of Oct - 2nd of Nov 2018,
Agenda and three days jackal ecology course is HERE

Abstracts submission 2nd CALL was extended until
20th of May 2018, 23:59H CET

HERE you access directly the website for all details of submission
The works can be as for an Oral Communications or Posters format.
The early registration fee is not valid anymore
Until 20th of Oktober 2018 the late registration is opened.

All details regarding the beautiful Symposium Venue in Marathon Bay, 
featuring and sponsors and other useful data can be accessed on the
2IJS website HERE

We look forward to meet you all in Marathon Bay,
Thank you!
Giorgos Giannatos, 2IJS Manager
Ovidiu C. Banea, 2IJS Communication management

On behalf of 2IJS Organization Board
Please share this news with your colleagues and make an active disclosure of the event!

GOJAGE and BIOSFAIRA thank for all the help and support in organizing this event to:

Associate Professor Anastasios Legakis, Department of Biology, University of Athens
Director of the 2nd International Symposium on jackals and related species,

Attica Zoo Park,
Golden Coast Hotels,
LOTEK wireless - fish and wildlife monitoring
VECTRONIC - Aerospace - wildlife monitoring

Tuesday, April 3, 2018

Jackal Symposium in Greece, call of abstracts and INTEREST

2IJS The 2nd International Symposium on jackals and related species will be held during 31st Oct to 2nd Nov 2018 period in Greece, in Marathon Bay, 25 km from Athens.

We invite independent researchers or academics - graduated and students undergraduate researchers alike - working or interested in the field of jackal and related species ecology, conservation or management to submit the abstract related to the recent work you want to present HERE before 30th of April 2018 (midnight). 

The topics mentioned in this 2nd International Symposium are related to the following species: golden jackal (Canis aureus) African black-backed jackal (Canis mesomelas), side-striped jackal (Canis adustus), African wolf (Canis anthus), American jackal - coyote (Canis latrans), Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis). If there is interest on related species, sympatric or parapatric we might accept works related to Red fox (Vulpes vulpes), Arctic Fox (Vulpes lagopus) and Gray wolf (Canis lupus).

Beside the oral communications and posters of registered participants invited to present their works, this year the organizers prepared a three-days selected and exclusive Jackals Ecology Course with key speakers internationally known  in the field of applied ecology, genetics, biology and behavior, toxicology, zoonoses and parasitology, population dynamics, taxonomy or wildlife conservation and hunting or management. The course structure includes 14 oral lectures of approximately 20-30 minutes each one followed by 5-10 minutes open questions and specific moderated debate. The admittance to these key lectures is free and opened to all registered participants. Information regarding the 2IJS registration you can find HERE.

The interest measured on the website

Since 5 of February 2018 a number of 253 visits was registered from 28 countries. 
We decided to open another site with independent domain for a better event promotion and data disclosure.


Saturday, November 25, 2017

Second Jackal Symposium 31 Oct 2 Nov 2018 Greece

Second International Symposium on jackals and related species

Golden Coast Hotel, 31 Oct - 2 Nov 2018, Greece

Call for Abstracts! Deadline: 30 of April 2018

HERE is the official website with Registration and Abstract submission forms.
Between 31st of October 2018 and 2nd of November we will meet again, this time in Marathon Bay, Attica province, Greece. 
The Symposium is organized by Biosfaira NGO, Dept of Biology University of Athens and GOJAGE. Many thanks to Dr Anastasios Legakis who accepted to be director of the Symposium.
Registration and Abstract can be submitted online.
The aim of this meeting is to create a fertile ground for productive discussions between novice and experienced golden jackal (Canis aureus) scientists but also on other related species like African baked-black jackal (Canis mesomelas), side-striped jackal (Canis adustus) and African wolf (Canis anthus). 
The Second International Jackal Symposium is addressed to academics - graduate and undergraduate researchers alike - working or interested in the field of jackal and related species ecology, to share their information with other colleagues from different research groups with known experts or scientific community.

Serbia 2014

Golden Coast Hotel, Symposium Venue 
Marathon Bay, Attica province 31.10-2.11.2018

Thursday, June 15, 2017

Golden jackal in Bergamo province, administrative region of Lombardy, Italy

by Luca Lapini

On 2th, 4th and 5th of June 2017, Stefano Locatelli in cooperation with environmental police of the Province of Bergamo has photo-trapped a golden jackal in the High Val Brembana, Bergamo Province, Lombardy, North western Italy: Orobie Natural Park (Parco delle Orobie Bergamasche)
This is the westernmost record for the species in Italy, and the first datum for the region Lombardy. This datum, together with a single datum for Modena province south to the Po River, indicates that the expansion of the species is finally increasing also in Italy.

Actualization: 26th of June 2017
During the night 23rd to 24th of June 2017 a Bio Acoustic Monitoring (BAM) survey was organized in val Brembana by Luca Lapini toghether with Carlo Comazzi, Stefano Locatelli and Luigi Nervi (agent of Bergamo province environmental police).
The BAM NR and the results of the previous BAM survey near village of Mirandola, Modena province will be presented in GOJAGE e-Bulletin within a report of actual species movements in northern part of Italy, Po river basin.

Photo-trapped: Stefano Locatelli, 2nd of June 2017

Tuesday, June 6, 2017

A golden jackal was video-recorded south to Po river, Modena Italy


Possible reproductive group on southern part of Po River

by Luca Lapini

Video: Raffaele Gemmato 

On 5th of June 2017, in the evening, a golden jackal has been video recorded by Raffaele Gemmato (field Ornithologist) near the Village of Mirandola, in Modena Province, south of the Po river.

Golden Jackal picture from Raffaele Gemmato recorded video 
 approximation of the record by GOJAGE © 2017 (Po basemap source: Wikipedia)

The video was sent first to Luca Giussani, then to Adriano Martinoli << Unità di Analisi e Gestione delle Risorse Ambientali >> who sent it to GOJAGE representative in Italy, our colleague Luca Lapini.

The video was uploaded in the mailing list of Astore a Friulian naturalistic association. It was analyzed and seems that the golden jackal is an adult male.
On Friday 9th of June 2017 a team will conduct BAM (BioAcoustic Monitoring) in the area and will analyze the ecological factors to assess better the last C1 (strong evidence) sighting.