Wednesday, April 8, 2020

Jackals "KOLE" and "NARIA". News from India and Sri Lanka

Crimes against golden jackal. Poaching and illegal trade. Case study in India.


The jackal illegal trade is not only in Europe.
Recently, our colleague from India, Malaika Mathew Chawla, MSc student at James Cook University, Australia published a paper related to this phenomenon (news here) and the paper you can download from here. Her main activity was performed in vicinity of Deussua, Goa Region, west part of India (location here). See pictures below.
In 2018, she studied human- jackal interactions and human-jackal co-adaptation in a semi-urban landscape in Sirlim, South Goa - India. The objective of the project was to understand how humans and jackals share space and resources, public perceptions about jackals, and document any associated traditional ecological knowledge. Her colleagues and her also created a repository of information that highlighted the mention of jackals in folk songs, folk tales and children's stories.

She wrote then: "This is an attempt to create a repository of information related to golden jackals (Konkani name: kole), specifically in the state of Goa. These texts have been retrieved from Goa State Central Library in Panjim, Dr Francisco Luis Gomes District Library in Navelim and a few online sources. Information collated from these books, documents and newspaper articles may give us insights into certain ecological aspects as well as human-jackal interactions that may have lead to the attribution of anthropomorphic qualities to jackals such as being 'cunning' or 'shrewd'. It is important to note that 'jackal' is often mistranslated from Konkani into English as 'fox'. This list maybe useful for students, researchers, historians or anyone interested in Goan wildlife and culture. This is not a comprehensive list; new additions to the list are most welcome." 

Now, she and her colleagues published an interesting paper on crimes and jackal illegal trade. Congratulations, Malaika!

Possible mange transmitted to jackals. Photo: Malaika M. Chawla

Jackals (Kole) in urban areas. Photo Malaika M. Chawla

Jackals (Kole) and cattle. Photo: Malaika M. Chawla

Mating pair in a rice field. Photo: Malaika M. Chawla

Possible two subspecies of jackals in Sri Lanka!

Canis aureus naria and Canis aureus indicus. The arrival of the continental jackal? 


by Ovidiu C. Banea and Chandika Jayaratne

Letter to GOJAGE:

I know this is not with concerns to Europe. But we in Sri Lanka also have golden jackal and I think I’m one of the only people in the island who goes looking for them in the jungles. Everyone else is more concerned with the Leopard. So I have come across a few of them on my journeys, but this one stood out. It seem to be a different color to its mate and every other individual I have seen. It doesn’t look like mange but the mate seems fine and I have never seen mange in the wild only on street dogs. I thought it was mud, but even though everything looks green we were way past the rains and did find any around, I have seen a few go wallow in the mud to cool off, but this didn’t look like it.

Canis aureus (possible Canis aureus naria) in Sri Lanka. Photo: Chandika Jayaratne

Canis aureus (possible indicus or Canis aureus aureus) in Sri Lanka. Photo: Chandika Jayaratne

Anyone would know what it is? Or is it just case of a color morph is that common? Lots of possibilities, could be just dirt as well.
Also caught one doing yoga, actually the mate scent marked the area with urine and then this individual went and rubbed and rolled over the location. Would love to know if that’s common and why they do that?


Thank you so much for the beautiful pictures!!!
No, this is not mud. That seems to be the native Sri-Lanka Jackal Canis aureus naria. I remember many years ago we discussed about this. I was at that time looking to morphotypes and I saw the gray looking Sri-Lankan jackals.

In the attached picture I am sending you one from wikipedia and a pair from southern Sri-Lanka Uda Walawe National Park photographed in 2010 (FLICKR).

Now, look to Willpattu National Park three jackals! Photographed on the 1st of March 2020. I just found them on internet. These are on northwest of the island, more proximal to the mainland Indian peninsula, probably near to your region.

Photo: Dated 1st of March 2020. Source Facebook.: here


On these ones I am seeing the white mask and similarity with Canis aureus aureus or indicus? I am not sure (In Europe we have Canis aureus moreoticus). I would like to have an expert opinion.

But, your pictures are showing to me, two different subspecies of jackals (or variations, better say). At least morphologically they are separate.

I believe that Asian mainland indian subspecies Canis aureus aureus or Canis aureus indicus entered (colonized) Sri Lanka, in your pictures you got both of them. Then, the marking one, that is the intruder :). If they were both there for long time, I don´t know.. But from the distribution actual map (above) it seems that in Sri Lanka exists only Ca naria. The map should be actualized if this is true. Further research or scientific documentation would be excellent. 

At least, this is my personal opinion!
Good luck!

Ovidiu C. Banea,
Environmental Ecologist, MSc

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Up to date situation of the golden jackal distribution in Italy, 2019

Nuove Presenze, problemi vecchi: il caso dello sciacallo dorato (Canis aureus) in Italia (here)

di Luca LAPINI
Museo Friulano di Storia Naturale
Via Sabbadini 32, I-33100 UDINE

L’espansione dello sciacallo dorato in Italia sembra comunque aver attraversato tre fasi differenti.

–Prima fase (1984-1996): caratterizzata da discreto dinamismo, ha portato ad una prima segnalazione nel Veneto Prealpino, ad alcuni eventi di riproduzione nelle Province di Udine e Belluno e alla colonizzazione del Carso Isontino (Lapini et al., 2018).

–Seconda fase (1997-2008): caratterizzata da una evidente stasi dell’espansione e da una forte riduzione delle presenze complessive, ha comunque portato ad una prima riproduzione nel Muggesano (Istria settentrionale, Provincia di Trieste) e nelle valli del Natisone (Prealpi Giulie, Provincia di Udine), con presenze sempre più diffuse sul Carso Isontino (Provincia di Gorizia) (Lapini et al., 2018).

Terza fase (2009-2018): periodo di fortissima espansione, distinto da un ulteriore successo riproduttivo nel Veneto alpino (Provincia di Belluno), da vari episodi riproduttivi in Carnia (Prealpi Carniche, Provincia di Udine) e in Alto Adige (Provincia di Bolzano), nelle Valli del Natisone (Prealpi Giulie, Provincia di Udine), sul Carso Isontino (Provincia di Gorizia) e nelle aree steppico magredili dell’alta pianura pordenonese (Provincia di Pordenone) (Lapini et al., 2018).

Il primo gruppo riproduttivo di queste zone, localizzato nell’inverno 2015, è stato raggiunto dai lupi ai primi di ottobre 2016 ed è stato da questi decimato nel quadro di un fenomeno di intra-guild competition culminato con l’uccisione di una femmina dell’anno.

Nel 2017 si sono verificati diversi episodi riproduttivi anche sul Carso sloveno a ridosso del confine con la Provincia di Trieste, con la formazione di alcuni gruppi transfrontalieri. Questi ultimi, pur esercitando gran parte dell’attività nella finitima Repubblica di Slovenia, frequentano anche parte della Provincia di Trieste (zona di Medeazza, Malchina, Monte Lanaro-Fernetti, Alta Val Rosandra). Il grande dinamismo del 2017, forse stimolato proprio dall’incontro coi lupi, ha portato ad una grande dispersione di animali, con presenze isolate in Lombardia (Val Brembana, Provincia di Bergamo) e in Emilia Romagna (Provincia di Modena), a Sud del Po. In val Brembana (Provincia di Bergamo) un esemplare isolato è stato fototrappolato diverse volte tra la località di quota di Carisole (giugno 2017), la periferia del sottostante paese di Valleve e la località di Isola di Fondra (foto S. Locatelli 2017-2019).

Tuesday, September 17, 2019

Jackal fur in Bucharest with 150 Eur

Economy and jackals

by Crispus NGO Sibiu, Romania, Ecology Department

On 7th of September 2019 in "Dimitrie Gusti" National Village Museum in Bucharest near sheep or cattle and lamb furs, golden jackal skin was on sail with 800 RON (150-160 Eur). And apparently all the process is legal. Even if species is NT for EU 27 and management can be done only based on specific seasonal monitoring, the vendor told us that the intestines are send to Cluj-Napoca for analysis of endo-parasites, the penian bone to "Gr Antipa" NHM. So, the fur cost was surprisingly high and it seems that the business is legal, if jackals are culled for scientific purpose.
Photo: Mirel Prisacaru

Photo: Ovidiu C. Banea

Jackals in the Alps, Italy

Jackals in the Alps!


A jackal in a winter alpine ecosystem was photographed near a marmot (Marmota marmota), at about 2350 m a.s.l. on the northeastern slope of the Mount Motto, by Dionigi Colombo on 22nd of April 2019. This is a new Italian record near Livigno, Sondrio. 

Photo: Dionigi Colombo, 22.04.2019, Mount Motto, near Livigno, Italy

The Italian golden jackal status is favorable with at least 7 new reproductive groups. Luca Lapini updated the Italian records an present it during the 5th Seminar of Alpine Ecology, on 6th of October 2019.

Jackals in the Alps

Photo: Dionigi Colombo, 22.04.2019, Mount Motto, near Livigno, Italy

Friday, July 26, 2019

Jackals in Finland, just 4 degrees below the Arctic Circle

Finland and "The Battle of the Jackal" - GOJAGE News

A message to GOJAGE community and to Finland Environmental Board

by Ovidiu C. Banea & Giorgos Giannatos

Reykjavik, 26th of July 2018

Letter from Dr Suvi Viranta addressed to GOJAGE members

26th of July 2018:

Dear GOJAGE members,

They have, or at least this one individual has, arrived to Finland. Below is a photo taken from a car in Eno, Karjala, Eastern Finland.

Best regards,

Thank You, Suvi!

Thank you for coming to The Battle of the Jackal in Marathon Bay, Attica, Greece during the 2IJS organized by Dr Giorgos Giannatos, last November 2018.
Thank you for your scientific work in the field of jackals! 

Ovi & Giorgos

THE NEWS (the picture) in Finland!


On 26th of July 2019 Dr Suvi Viranta-Kovanen announced GOJAGE members the first sighting of the golden jackal in Finland. She works at University of Helsinki as a Senior Lecturer in Anatomy at Faculty of Medicine and Adjunct Professor in Paleobiology at Faculty of Science.

In 2015, we thought that jackals arrived to Karup, Denmark via Finland and Sweden or directly crossing the frozen Baltic Sea. Who knows how they arrived to Denmark? It was Dr Miklós Heltai, (the future director of the 3rd International Jackal Symposium, to be held in Gödöllő, Hungary in 2022) who announced the great news of Jackals in Denmark in September 2015.

Suvi is GOJAGE Responsible and Representative in Finland since she was participating at the 2nd International Jackal Symposium in Greece in November 2018 when she was one of the speakers during "The Battle of the Jackal" with her work "Rediscovering the African Wolf" presented in Marathon Bay, Greece, Attica after 2508 years from "The Battle of Marathon". It was about jackals and African wolves during the "Taxonomy" Session of the 2nd International Jackal Symposium

Dr. Nikolai Spassov from NHM Sofia, Bulgaria supported the fact that a wolf-jackal (Canis "lupaster") appears to exist in North Africa from the late Pleistocene. He followed: "However, remains the question: is there a golden jackal (C. aureus or more specific African jackal C. anthus?) together with it in Africa? (Spassov, 2018).

Dr Patricia D Moehlman from Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (Tawiri) names this species African golden jackal (Moehlman et al, 2018) and convinced everybody that they are jackals.

Suvi & "The Battle of the Jackal" 

in Finland

"The Battle of the Jackal" moved now to Finland since Suvi works internationally with molecular sequencing to assess African wolf distribution in Africa, which remains uncertain due to confusion regarding possible co-occurrence with the Eurasian golden jackal. Canis lupaster differs from all other Canis spp. including the golden jackal in its cranial morphology, while phylogenetically it shows close affinity to the Holarctic grey wolf.

Golden Jackal in European Union, 

Legal framework applicable to Finland

Annex Va and VI from the EU Habitats Directive

From Hatlauf et al, 2016, GOJAGE E-Bulletin

The golden jackal (​Canis aureus) is a ​Community Interest species​ ("Habitats Directive"92/43/EEC) listed in Annex V a together with pine marten (​Martes martes​), European polecat (​Mustela putorius​) and chamois (​Rupicapra rupicapra​). Monitoring of conservation status is an obligation arising from Article 11 of the Habitats Directive for all habitats (as listed in Annex I) and ​species​ (as listed in ​Annex​ II, IV and ​V​) of Community interest.
Consequently, this provision is not restricted to Natura 2000 sites and data need to be collected both in and outside the Natura 2000 network to achieve a full appreciation of the conservation status.
The main results of this monitoring need to be reported to the Commission every six years according to Article 17 of the directive. Article 14 places a requirement for further surveillance of exploited species of flora and fauna listed in Annex V where necessary. Only after monitoring and scientific reports to the Commission, management measures can be assessed. When management measures are applied in case of ​Community Interest species ​like the golden jackal or chamois a series of hunting methods should be avoided. These hunting methods which are​prohibited are listed in the Annex VI of the "Habitats Directive" 92/43/EEC. 

In 2015, when Jackals were first sighted in Denmark

The Battle of  the Jackal in Finland

Suvi and GOJAGE know how to communicate with the Finish Scientific Community and the Finish people. We will be ready to inform that the jackals are omnivorous species with an opportunistic behavior and that they arrived using the natural pathways and that they did not harmed (yet) the protected biota in any natural reserve of this planet Earth and that they maintain decent numbers in other new settled areas without exponential grow. They are not Invasive Alien Species.

Jackals have to be monitored in Finland even better than in other countries and policies of management have to start only after the accurate monitoring of this species which remains fragile and have to fight differently for its survival in these boreal biogeographic regions. In Estonia the depredation and the interaction with other con-generics like Red fox is more aggressive as shown by Peep Männil, our Representative in Estonia in a video during the 2IJS in Greece. Together with Mrs Kaja Lotman and Mr Aleksei Lotman from Matsalu NP they could start in a correct way and understanding the complex management of the jackal species.

GOJAGE fully supports Dr Suvi Viranta-Kovanen to represent our informal community and to help for the conservation efforts of the golden jackal in Finland. We are ready to plan our first Bio Acoustic Monitoring survey in the region of Karjala, where the first jackal species sighting to Finland was recorded with the aim to assess the time and the size of this new European golden jackal species cluster, the northernmost in the world.

Prof. Emerit. Heikki Henttonen explaining jackal sighting and the first report of the jackal in Finland to the local media MTV Uutiset in Finnish.

Eno, Karjala, is a municipality with 6,891 inhabitants located in Eastern Finland at Latitude: 62° 48' 18.40" N and a Longitude: 30° 09' 15.19" E.
Canis aureus is now just 4° close to the Arctic Circle.

Welcome to Finland!
We hope soon you will arrive to Iceland.

Dear Suvi!

We hope to see you again in Hungary in 2022 for the 3IJS (3rd Jackal International Symposium) organized by Miklós, József, László and Jennifer.

Or sooner near Eno, Karjala during the first Finnish jackal B.A.M. survey!
You have our support and all that you need to help the jackal survive in such an environment!

It seems, that we need a boat...
Best regards,

Ovidiu C. Banea & Giorgos Giannatos
with our colleagues from
2IJS Organizing Committee

Thank you again for all your efforts top join the 2IJS! Good luck with the new friend!

Jackal Ecology Task Force (JET-F) supports you and Professor Emeritus Heikki Henttonen!

Giorgos Giannatos (Greece)
Wildlife Biology, PhD
Department of Biology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

Ovidiu Constantin Banea (Romania)
Ecology-Biology BSc, Essential and Applied Ecology MSc
NGO Crispus Sibiu, Ecology Department
GOJAGE Co-Founder

Tuesday, May 29, 2018

Second International Jackal Symposium Greece, LAST CALL FOR ABSTRACTS

The second international symposium on jackals and related species (2IJS) will be organized in Marathon Bay, Attica Province, Greece during 31st of Oct-2nd of Nov 2018. 
The last call of abstracts was extended until 18th of June 2018 due to the increasing interest and at the suggestions of Dr. Duško Ćirović, director of the previous First International Jackal Symposium (Veliko Gradište, Serbia 2014). At this time a number of 70 works are registered (56 abstracts and 14 lectures on jackals ecology). 
We invite you to this meeting in Greece in a wonderful place where for few days we will discuss, analyze and try to get closer to the mysterious world of the jackals. 

The symposium is sponsored by Attica Zoological Park, Vectronic-aerospace (wildlife monitoring), Lotek (fish and wildlife monitoring) and Golden Coast Hotels
Please contact us if you want to support this meeting and check the "featuring and sponsors" site to understand the benefits.

Girogos Giannatos, 2IJS Manager
Ovidiu C. Banea, 2IJS Communications management

On behalf of  2IJS Organization Board

Sunday, May 13, 2018


by Giorgos Giannatos & Ovidiu C. Banea

We invite you to the 

2nd International Symposium dedicated to jackals and related species
Marathon Bay, Greece 31st of Oct - 2nd of Nov 2018,
Agenda and three days jackal ecology course is HERE

Abstracts submission 2nd CALL was extended until
20th of May 2018, 23:59H CET

HERE you access directly the website for all details of submission
The works can be as for an Oral Communications or Posters format.
The early registration fee is not valid anymore
Until 20th of Oktober 2018 the late registration is opened.

All details regarding the beautiful Symposium Venue in Marathon Bay, 
featuring and sponsors and other useful data can be accessed on the
2IJS website HERE

We look forward to meet you all in Marathon Bay,
Thank you!
Giorgos Giannatos, 2IJS Manager
Ovidiu C. Banea, 2IJS Communication management

On behalf of 2IJS Organization Board
Please share this news with your colleagues and make an active disclosure of the event!

GOJAGE and BIOSFAIRA thank for all the help and support in organizing this event to:

Associate Professor Anastasios Legakis, Department of Biology, University of Athens
Director of the 2nd International Symposium on jackals and related species,

Attica Zoo Park,
Golden Coast Hotels,
LOTEK wireless - fish and wildlife monitoring
VECTRONIC - Aerospace - wildlife monitoring